Projects: Counter-assessment

Projects

Counter-assessment

Environmental impact assessments bear the responsibility of assessing, negotiating, and ensuring accountability and deterrence of socioeconomic risks and environmental degradation. Most international standards call for cumulative impact analysis, which goes beyond the immediate physical impacts of construction and operation. However, for projects with long histories, here namely "projects" for the Dawei road link beginning in 1997, 2010, 2015, and 2019, what are most impactful are the ways these projects have incrementally, substantially, and sometimes violently rewritten these histories, albeit through the often technical languages of planning, engineering, ecology, and social science. Based on analysis of thousands of pages of company reports, over 150 unique sources, and high-resolution commercial satellite imagery, this project look inside the development process for clues of how to better assess the complex past and future impacts of infrastructure on our environment. Through constructing a novel two-decade history of the Dawei road corridor, I argue that more rigorous tools and frameworks are necessary to combat the amnesia of infrastructure development, both in terms of historical narratives and technical knowledge. Strategic analysis and sustainability require longer-term studies, larger landscape extents, and deeper awareness of the development process.

  • Applied innovation: Geostatistical analysis of road construction using high-resolution commercial satellite imagery over five years along a 100+ kilometer corridor. This analysis contested the project's Environmental and Social Impact Assessment (ESIA) claim of the road's status as an "upgrade" project, using precise classification and quantification of clearance and construction activity, establishing new pre-construction baselines and innovative algorithms for categorization of various upgrading and widening construction activities.
  • Applied innovation: Semi-automated analysis and graphic summary of satellite data availability from over 700 high-resolution (sub-meter) scenes to be certain that all possible remotely sensed evidence was acquired.
  • Applied innovation: Adaptive visualization of a 45-page timeline built from semi-automated cataloguing of a 250-event history from nearly 300 references in over 180 unique source documents. For neutrality and to ease comprehension, these sources were presented in roughly 60 dominant voices (e.g., various governments, various tabloids, technical reports) in 20 categories, alongside the main stakeholders involved. Each of the 45 pages contains a map that is updated with its events' geospatial information, including impacted communities, road construction activity, and other important contextual information. A database was also compiled to automatically normalize Karen and Myanmar names of over 70 impacted villages in the project area, where some of them had over 10 spellings across the source documents. This automation allowed for the rapid revision of the timeline and presentation to stakeholders on three separate occasions during its creation, as well as multiple versions of history targeted to different stakeholder groups depending on the sources they trust.
  • Applied innovation: Compilation of seven historical road alignments and interpolation of missing civil engineering coordinate systems used for design and impact evaluation, as well as geo-tagging and semi-automated mapping of 300 road construction photos (from a set of over 3000 photos).
Design Review: Counter-assessment of impacts for the Dawei Road Link, 1995-2018 (Report), 2019.
Design Review: Counter-assessment of impacts for the Dawei Road Link, 1995-2018 (Report), 2019.
Thailand and Dawei Special Economic Zone: Road Link to Kilometer Zero. By Siamrath Thai News, 2019.
Thailand and Dawei Special Economic Zone: Road Link to Kilometer Zero. By Siamrath Thai News, 2019.
Planned linear infrastructure projects bisecting a globally important ecological corridor. By Ashley Scott Kelly, 2019.
Planned linear infrastructure projects bisecting a globally important ecological corridor. By Ashley Scott Kelly, 2019.
Sample from Atlas of planning, construction and impact (1997-2018). By Ashley Scott Kelly, 2019.
Sample from Atlas of planning, construction and impact (1997-2018). By Ashley Scott Kelly, 2019.
Atlas of planning, construction and impact (1997-2018). By Ashley Scott Kelly, 2019.
Atlas of planning, construction and impact (1997-2018). By Ashley Scott Kelly, 2019.
ITD Dawei access road new construction and widening activity summary from 2010-2014. By Ashley Scott Kelly, 2019.
ITD Dawei access road new construction and widening activity summary from 2010-2014. By Ashley Scott Kelly, 2019.
Timeline of EIA, construction and reconstruction. By Ashley Scott Kelly, 2019.
Timeline of EIA, construction and reconstruction. By Ashley Scott Kelly, 2019.
Construction progress of the Dawei road link access road and 4-lane highway (2010-2014). By Ashley Scott Kelly, 2019.
Construction progress of the Dawei road link access road and 4-lane highway (2010-2014). By Ashley Scott Kelly, 2019.
Expanding the scope of landscape assessment (2001-2018). By Ashley Scott Kelly, 2019.
Expanding the scope of landscape assessment (2001-2018). By Ashley Scott Kelly, 2019.
Comprehensive timeline of the Dawei road link (1995-2018). By Ashley Scott Kelly, 2019.
Comprehensive timeline of the Dawei road link (1995-2018). By Ashley Scott Kelly, 2019.
Land cover classification methods comparison. By Ashley Scott Kelly, 2019.
Land cover classification methods comparison. By Ashley Scott Kelly, 2019.
Wildlife survey methods comparison. By Ashley Scott Kelly, 2019.
Wildlife survey methods comparison. By Ashley Scott Kelly, 2019.
Discrepancies in station point technical documentation. By Ashley Scott Kelly, 2019.
Discrepancies in station point technical documentation. By Ashley Scott Kelly, 2019.
Three planned alignments for the Dawei road link between Ah Moe and Kha Ta Ra Khee villages. By Ashley Scott Kelly, 2019.
Three planned alignments for the Dawei road link between Ah Moe and Kha Ta Ra Khee villages. By Ashley Scott Kelly, 2019.
Example map of discrepancies between planned roads, construction impact, and plot boundaries marked for compensation. By Ashley Scott Kelly, 2019.
Example map of discrepancies between planned roads, construction impact, and plot boundaries marked for compensation. By Ashley Scott Kelly, 2019.
Construction photos from ITD work progress reports (2011-2013). By Ashley Scott Kelly, 2019.
Construction photos from ITD work progress reports (2011-2013). By Ashley Scott Kelly, 2019.
Available resolutions of satellite imagery near the Dawei road link. By Ashley Scott Kelly, 2019.
Available resolutions of satellite imagery near the Dawei road link. By Ashley Scott Kelly, 2019.
Availability and quality of satellite imagery along Dawei road link. By Ashley Scott Kelly, 2019.
Availability and quality of satellite imagery along Dawei road link. By Ashley Scott Kelly, 2019.